Today I want to talk about the different types of evergreens you can use for landscaping. Evergreens can be used for a variety of different ways to enhance the beauty of a yard.
From shrubs to borders to hedges evergreen trees can be used in many ways to improve the landscape of your property.
Shrubs used for landscaping
While you could definitely use almost any kind of plant you wanted for landscaping I think evergreens make the best shrubs. While most of them here will tolerate extreme hot and cold they also stay green all year round offering a beautiful contrast compared to plants that lose their leaves during the colder months.
The common boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) is a great choice for beginners or experienced gardeners because they are very versastile, easy to take care of and used in many kinds of landscaping.
It grows hearty thru zones 5-8. At maturity the common boxwood gets about 8 feet tall with a diameter of 20 feet. Most of them are pruned to a height of 2 to 3 feet tall with a diameter of 5 feet. It is a slow growing variety that displays a blue-green foliage and resists colder temperatures.
It is also used very much as a hedge or a really popular design called topiary where it is trimmed into various shapes like different animals or ornamental designs.
Another evergreen shrub I would like to mention here is one called the Yew(Taxus baccata). This is a beautiful conifer that is native to Europe, Africa and Asia. It is drought resistant and tolerates pruning and trimming. It has beautiful green foliage and produces bright red berries. Unfortunately almost all the plant is toxic to domestic animals and humans.
Evergreens used for hedges and borders.
The three most popular evergreens used for hedges and borders are the Cypress(Cupresseus), the Holly(Ilex) and the Juniper(Juniperus). All three of these are wonderful to use as a border or a hedge and add dramatic and beautiful accents to your landscape.
There are many varieties of Cypress trees which can be found throughout the world. The most commonly ones use for landscaping are the Leyland Cypress(Cupressus x leylandii) and the Mediterranean Cypress(Cupressus sempervirens), also known as the Italian cypress, both of which make beautiful landscaping tools.
The Leyland cypress is a fast growing coniferous evergreen that has dense textured foliage. It can grow 3 to 4 feet a year and reach a height of 40 to 50 feet. They should be spaced 8 to 10 feet apart. They make a great wind break and are also great for privacy. The Mediterranean cypress are narrower than the Leyland cypress and should be planted 5 to 6 feet apart. They can grow to a height of 115 feet.
The Evergreen holly(Ilex aquifolium) are a fast growing plant that can range from between 18″ tall to over 60′ tall but most people keep them to around 4 to 6 feet tall to make an excellent hedge or border and should be spaced 4 to 5 feet apart. This beautiful evergreen produces berries in the wintertime which can range in color from red to brown to black, or rarely green or yellow.